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Barriers and facilitators to person-centred infection prevention and control: results of a survey about the Dementia Isolation Toolkit

Iaboni, A., Quirt, H., Engel, K., Kirkham, J., Stewart, S., Grigorovich, A., Kontos, P., Astell, A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6822-9472, McMurray, J., Levy, A.-M., Bingham, K., Rodrigues, K., Flint, A. and Maxwell, C. (2022) Barriers and facilitators to person-centred infection prevention and control: results of a survey about the Dementia Isolation Toolkit. BMC Geriatrics. ISSN 1471-2318 (In Press)

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Abstract/Summary

Objectives: People working in long-term care homes (LTCH) face difficult decisions balancing the risk of spread of infection with the hardship that infection control and prevention (ICP) measures put on residents. The Dementia Isolation Toolkit (DIT) was developed to address the gap in ethical guidance on how to safely and effectively isolate people living with dementia while supporting their personhood. In this study, we report the results of a survey of LTCH staff on barriers and facilitators regarding isolating residents, and on the use and impact of the DIT. Design: Online survey. Setting and Participants: Participants (n=208) were staff working on-site in LTCH in Ontario, Canada since March 1, 2020, with direct or indirect experience with the isolation of LTCH resi-dents. Methods: LTCH staff were recruited through provincial LTCH organizations, social media, and the DIT website. Survey results were summarized, and three groups compared, those: 1) unfamiliar with, 2) familiar with, and 3) users of the DIT. Results: 61% of respondents identified distress of LTCH staff about the harmful effects of isola-tion on residents as a major barrier to effective isolation. Facilitators for isolation included delivery of 1:1 activity in the resident’s room (81%) and designating essential caregivers to provide support (67%). Almost all respondents (84%) reported an increase in moral distress. DIT users were less likely to report an impact of moral distress on job satisfaction (OR 0.41, 95% CI 0.19-0.87) with 48% of users reporting it was helpful in reducing their level of distress. Conclusions and Implications: Isolation as an ICP measure in LTCH environments creates mor-al distress in staff which is a barrier to its effectiveness. ICP guidance to LTCH would be strength-ened with the inclusion of a dementia-specific ethical framework that addresses how to minimize the harms of isolation on both residents and staff.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Ageing
Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
ID Code:102234
Uncontrolled Keywords:isolation; dementia; infection control; long-term care
Publisher:Springer

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