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Tropical anomalies associated with the interannual variability of the cross-equatorial flows over the Maritime Continent in boreal summer

Zhao, X., Lu, R., Dong, B. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0809-7911, Hong, X., Liu, J. and Sun, J. (2022) Tropical anomalies associated with the interannual variability of the cross-equatorial flows over the Maritime Continent in boreal summer. Journal of Climate, 35 (17). pp. 5591-5603. ISSN 1520-0442 (Zhao, X., R. Lu, B. Dong,X. Hong, J. Liu, J. Sun, 2022: Tropical anomalies associated with the interannual variability of the cross-equatorial flows over the Maritime Continent in boreal summer. J. of Climate. https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-21- 0641.1)

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1175/JCLI-D-21-0764.1

Abstract/Summary

In this study, we investigate circulation, convection, and sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies associated with interannual variability of the cross-equatorial flows (CEF) intensity over the Maritime Continent (MC) in boreal summer. Observational diagnostics show that strengthened CEF is associated with large-scale circulation anomalies featured by weakened Walker circulation, upper-level northeasterly anomalies across MC, and lower-level cyclonic anomalies over the tropical Western North Pacific (WNP). Further analyses indicate that strengthened CEF is associated with both La Niña-like SST anomalies in preceding winter and El Niño-like SST anomalies in simultaneous summer. These relationships between CEF and ENSO are established by two convection key regions: enhanced convection over WNP and depressed convection over MC. A linear baroclinic model is applied here to further discuss the causality between circulation and convection. Results suggest that both the WNP heating and MC cooling can induce the strengthened CEF. Moreover, the stability of the relationship between CEF and El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is also discussed. Results show that the relationship between CEF and SST anomalies in the simultaneous summer is stable and keeps significant, while that between CEF and SST anomalies in the preceding winter experienced a decadal strengthening around 1997/98 from insignificant to significant. After 1998, the preceding winter ENSO is followed by strong summer SST anomalies in MC and thus significantly affect CEF via modulating local convection. However, this ENSO-summer MC SST relationship is weak before 1997, failing to establish the relationship between the preceding ENSO and CEF.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:105123
Publisher:American Meteorological Society

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