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Effects of lysosomal low density lipoprotein oxidation by ferritin on macrophage function

Ojo, O. O. and Leake, D. ORCID: (2022) Effects of lysosomal low density lipoprotein oxidation by ferritin on macrophage function. Free Radical Research. GFRR-OM-2022-0211. ISSN 1071-5762

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/10715762.2022.2133703


We have previously demonstrated that low density lipoprotein (LDL) can be oxidised by iron in the lysosomes of macrophages. Some of the iron content of lysosomes might be delivered through autophagy of ferritin (the main iron-storage protein in the body). We have now investigated the effects of ferritin-mediated LDL oxidation on macrophage function. The addition of ferritin to human THP-1 cells and human monocyte-derived macrophages increased lysosomal lipid peroxidation, as shown by LPO-Foam, a fluorescent probe targetted to lysosomes. Incubating THP-1 cells with ferritin and native LDL or LDL aggregated by sphingomyelinase, to allow their endocytosis and delivery to lysosomes, led to the formation of lysosomal ceroid (an advanced lipid oxidation product), indicative of lysosomal LDL oxidation. Incubating THP-1 cells with ferritin and LDL caused metabolic activation of the cells, as shown by increased extracellular acidification and oxygen consumption measured by a Seahorse analyser. LDL oxidised by ferritin in lysosomes might be released from macrophages when the cells die and lyse and affect neighbouring cells in atherosclerotic lesions. Adding LDL oxidised by ferritin at lysosomal pH (pH 4.5) to macrophages increased their intracellular reactive oxygen species formation, shown using dihydroethidium, and increased apoptosis. Ferritin might therefore contribute to LDL oxidation in the lysosomes of macrophages and have atherogenic effects.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:107995
Publisher:Taylor and Francis


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