Accessibility navigation

Monocytic cell adhesion to oxidised ligands: relevance to cardiovascular disease

Poston, R. N., Chughtai, J., Ujkaj, D., Louis, H., Leake, D. S. ORCID: and Cooper, D. (2022) Monocytic cell adhesion to oxidised ligands: relevance to cardiovascular disease. Biomedicines, 10 (12). 3083. ISSN 2227-9059

Text (Open access) - Published Version
· Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/biomedicines10123083


Atherosclerosis, the major cause of vascular disease, is an inflammatory process driven by entry of blood monocytes into the arterial wall. LDL normally enters the wall, and stimulates monocyte adhesion by forming oxidation products such as oxidised phospholipids (oxPLs) and malondialdehyde. Adhesion molecules that bind monocytes to the wall permit traffic of these cells. CD14 is a monocyte surface receptor, a cofactor with TLR4 forming a complex that binds oxidised phospholipids and induces inflammatory changes in the cells, but data have been limited for monocyte adhesion. Here, we show that under static conditions, CD14 and TLR4 are implicated in adhesion of monocytes to solid phase oxidised LDL (oxLDL), and also that oxPL and malondialdehyde (MDA) adducts are involved in adhesion to oxLDL. Similarly, monocytes bound to heat shock protein 60 (HSP60), but this could be through contaminating lipopolysaccharide. Immunohistochemistry on atherosclerotic human arteries demonstrated increased endothelial MDA adducts and HSP60, but endothelial oxPL was not detected. We propose that monocytes could bind to MDA in endothelial cells, inducing atherosclerosis. Monocytes and platelets synergized in binding to oxLDL, forming aggregates; if this occurs at the arterial surface, they could precipitate thrombosis. These interactions could be targeted by cyclodextrins and oxidised phospholipid analogues for therapy.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:109176


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation