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The dynamic evolution of multipoint interplanetary coronal mass ejections observed with BepiColombo, Tianwen-1, and MAVEN

Chi, Y. ORCID:, Shen, C. ORCID:, Liu, J. ORCID:, Zhong, Z. ORCID:, Owens, M. ORCID:, Scott, C. ORCID:, Barnard, L. ORCID:, Yu, B. ORCID:, Heyner, D., Auster, H.-U., Richter, I. ORCID:, Wang, Y. ORCID:, Zhang, T., Guo, J. ORCID:, Sánchez-Cano, B. ORCID:, Pan, Z., Zou, Z. ORCID:, Xu, M. ORCID:, Cheng, L. ORCID:, Su, Z. ORCID: , Mao, D., Zhang, Z., Wang, C. ORCID:, Wu, Z., Wang, G. ORCID:, Xiao, S., Liu, K. ORCID:, Hao, X., Li, Y., Chen, M. and Lockwood, M. ORCID: (2023) The dynamic evolution of multipoint interplanetary coronal mass ejections observed with BepiColombo, Tianwen-1, and MAVEN. The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 951 (1). L14. ISSN 0004-637X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3847/2041-8213/acd7e7


We present two multipoint interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) detected by the Tianwen-1 and Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution spacecraft at Mars and the BepiColombo (0.56 au ∼0.67 au) upstream of Mars from 2021 December 5 to 31. This is the first time that BepiColombo is used as an upstream solar wind monitor ahead of Mars and that Tianwen-1 is used to investigate the magnetic field characteristics of ICMEs at Mars. The Heliospheric Upwind Extrapolation time model was used to connect the multiple in situ observations and the coronagraph observations from STEREO/SECCHI and SOHO/LASCO. The first fast coronal mass ejection event (∼761.2 km s−1), which erupted on December 4, impacted Mars centrally and grazed BepiColombo by its western flank. The ambient slow solar wind decelerated the west flank of the ICME, implying that the ICME event was significantly distorted by the solar wind structure. The second slow ICME event (∼390.7 km s−1) underwent an acceleration from its eruption to a distance within 0.69 au and then traveled with the constant velocity of the ambient solar wind. These findings highlight the importance of background solar wind in determining the interplanetary evolution and global morphology of ICMEs up to Mars distance. Observations from multiple locations are invaluable for space weather studies at Mars and merit more exploration in the future.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:112822
Publisher:American Astronomical Society


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