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A clustering-based multi-model ensemble projection of near-term precipitation changes over East China and its uncertainty

Zhao, Z., Guo, Y., Dong, B. ORCID:, Zhu, J., Luo, N. and Gao, Z. (2023) A clustering-based multi-model ensemble projection of near-term precipitation changes over East China and its uncertainty. Environmental Research Letters. ISSN 1748-9326 (In Press)

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/acef40


An ensemble of 28 models from the 6th Coupled Model Intercomparison Project was used to project future changes in annual mean precipitation over East China during 2046–2065 relative to 1995–2014 under the SSP2-4.5 scenario. A precipitation increase of 0.16 mm/day is projected over North China by the multi-model ensemble (MME) mean. However, large model uncertainty exists over South China (SC), reducing the fidelity of the MME mean projection. Thus, a clustering-based MME probabilistic projection is presented that projects four possible SC precipitation changes in the future. Precipitation increases are projected in Cluster 1, Cluster 3 and Cluster 4 for 0.51 mm/day, 0.2 mm/day and 0.23 mm/day, respectively, with occurrence probabilities of 14.3%, 35.7% and 25%, respectively. Conversely, the projected Cluster 2 precipitation decrease is 0.01 mm/day with an occurrence probability of 25%. The differences in precipitation change are mainly contributed by dynamic effect due to different circulation changes across clusters. During extended summer, different circulation anomalies over western North Pacific (WNP) among clusters arise from the sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) warming patterns over the equatorial central-eastern Pacific, which explain the different precipitation increases over SC. During extended winter, a strong zonal SSTA gradient between the South China Sea and adjacent WNP is projected in Cluster 2, stimulating a zonally vertical cell with anomalous descent over SC and resulting in markedly decreased precipitation. A similar but much weaker zonal SSTA gradient and circulation anomaly are projected in Cluster 3. Distinct meridional SSTA gradients over the WNP are projected in the rest clusters, stimulating shifted descents with a weak effect on SC precipitation.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:112945
Publisher:Institute of Physics

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