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Lifestyle management of hypertension: International Society of Hypertension position paper endorsed by the World Hypertension League and European Society of Hypertension

Charchar, F. J., Prestes, P. R., Mills, C., Ching, S. M., Neupane, D., Marques, F. Z., Sharman, J. E., Vogt, L., Burrell, L. M., Korostovtseva, L., Zec, M., Patil, M., Schultz, M. G., Wallen, M. P., Renna, N. F., Islam, S. M. S., Hiremath, S., Gyeltshen, T., Chia, Y.-C., Gupta, A. , Schutte, A. E., Klein, B., Borghi, C., Browning, C. J., Czesnikiewicz-Guzik, M., Lee, H.-Y., Itoh, H., Miura, K., Brunström, M., Campbell, N. R.C., Akinnibossun, O. A., Veerabhadrappa, P., Wainford, R. D., Kruger, R., Thomas, S. A., Komori, T., Ralapanawa, U., Cornelissen, V. A., Kapil, V., Li, Y., Zhang, Y., Jafar, T. H., Khan, N., Williams, B., Stergiou, G. and Tomaszewski, M. (2024) Lifestyle management of hypertension: International Society of Hypertension position paper endorsed by the World Hypertension League and European Society of Hypertension. Journal of Hypertension, 42 (1). pp. 23-49. ISSN 1473-5598

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1097/hjh.0000000000003563


Hypertension, defined as persistently elevated systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) at least 90 mmHg (International Society of Hypertension guidelines), affects over 1.5 billion people worldwide. Hypertension is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events (e.g. coronary heart disease, heart failure and stroke) and death. An international panel of experts convened by the International Society of Hypertension College of Experts compiled lifestyle management recommendations as first-line strategy to prevent and control hypertension in adulthood. We also recommend that lifestyle changes be continued even when blood pressure-lowering medications are prescribed. Specific recommendations based on literature evidence are summarized with advice to start these measures early in life, including maintaining a healthy body weight, increased levels of different types of physical activity, healthy eating and drinking, avoidance and cessation of smoking and alcohol use, management of stress and sleep levels. We also discuss the relevance of specific approaches including consumption of sodium, potassium, sugar, fibre, coffee, tea, intermittent fasting as well as integrated strategies to implement these recommendations using, for example, behaviour change-related technologies and digital tools.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:113429
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine, Physiology, Internal Medicine
Publisher:Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health)


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