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Lake water temperature modeling in an era of climate change: data sources, models, and future prospects

Piccolroaz, S., Zhu, S., Ladwig, R., Carrea, L. ORCID:, Oliver, S., Piotrowski, A. P., Ptak, M., Shinohara, R., Sojka, M., Woolway, R. I. ORCID: and Zhu, D. Z. (2024) Lake water temperature modeling in an era of climate change: data sources, models, and future prospects. Review of Geophysics, 62 (1). e2023RG000816. ISSN 1944-9208

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1029/2023RG000816


Lake thermal dynamics have been considerably impacted by climate change, with potential adverse effects on aquatic ecosystems. To better understand the potential impacts of future climate change on lake thermal dynamics and related processes, the use of mathematical models is essential. In this study, we provide a comprehensive review of lake water temperature modeling. We begin by discussing the physical concepts that regulate thermal dynamics in lakes, which serve as a primer for the description of process-based models. We then provide an overview of different sources of observational water temperature data, including in situ monitoring and satellite Earth observations, used in the field of lake water temperature modeling. We classify and review the various lake water temperature models available, and then discuss model performance, including commonly used performance metrics and optimization methods. Finally, we analyze emerging modeling approaches, including forecasting, digital twins, combining process-based modeling with deep learning, evaluating structural model differences through ensemble modeling, adapted water management, and coupling of climate and lake models. This review is aimed at a diverse group of professionals working in the fields of limnology and hydrology, including ecologists, biologists, physicists, engineers, and remote sensing researchers from the private and public sectors who are interested in understanding lake water temperature modeling and its potential applications.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:115202


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