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Genistein blocks homocysteine-induced alterations in the proteome of human endothelial cells

Fuchs, D., Erhard, P., Rimbach, G., Daniel, H. and Wenzel, U. (2005) Genistein blocks homocysteine-induced alterations in the proteome of human endothelial cells. Proteomics, 5 (11). pp. 2808-2818. ISSN 1615-9853

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/pmic.200401174


Dietary isoflavones from soy are suggested to protect endothelial cells from damaging effects of endothelial stressors and thereby to prevent atherosclerosis. In search of the molecular targets of isoflavone action, we analyzed the effects of the major soy isoflavone, genistein, on changes in protein expression levels induced by the endothelial stressor homocysteine (Hcy) in EA.hy 926 endothelial cells. Proteins from cells exposed for 24 h to 25 mu M Hcy alone or in combination with 2.5 mu M genistein were separated by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and those with altered spot intensities were identified by peptide mass fingerprinting, Genistein reversed Hcy-induced changes of proteins involved in metabolism, detoxification, and gene regulation: and some of those effects can be linked functionally to the antiatherosclerotic properties of the soy isoflavone. Alterations of steady-state levels of cytoskeletal proteins by genistein suggested an effect oil apoptosis. As a matter of fact genistein caused inhibition of Hcy-mediated apoptotic cell death as indicated by inhibition of DNA fragmentation and chromatin condensation. In conclusion, proteome analysis allows the rapid identification of cellular target proteins of genistein action in endothelial cells exposed to the endothelial stressor Hcy and therefore enables the identification of molecular pathways of its antiatherosclerotic action

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13407

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