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The determinants of local population growth: a study of Oxfordshire in the nineteenth century

Casson, M. (2013) The determinants of local population growth: a study of Oxfordshire in the nineteenth century. Explorations in Economic History, 50 (1). pp. 28-45. ISSN 0014-4983

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.eeh.2012.09.003


This paper presents a new econometric model for analysing population growth at the village and town level. It develops and applies a theory of the equilibrium distribution of population over space. The theory emphasises geographical fundamentals, such as rivers as transport corridors, and soil types that govern agricultural specialisation; also institutional factors such as town government, market charters and the concentration of land ownership. Nineteenth century Oxfordshire is used as a case study, but the method can also be applied at a multi-county and national level. The results show that the development of railways in nineteenth-century Oxfordshire accelerated a long-term shake-out in the market system, whereby rural markets disappeared and urban markets grew. This shake-out had significant implications for population growth at the local level.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Arts, Humanities and Social Science > School of Politics, Economics and International Relations > Economics
Henley Business School > International Business and Strategy
ID Code:32386

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