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Explaining the PENTA model: a reply to Arvaniti and Ladd

Xu, Y., Lee, A., Prom-on, S. and Liu, F. ORCID: (2015) Explaining the PENTA model: a reply to Arvaniti and Ladd. Phonology, 32 (03). pp. 505-535. ISSN 0952-6757

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1017/S0952675715000299


This paper presents an overview of the Parallel Encoding and Target Approximation (PENTA) model of speech prosody, in response to an extensive critique by Arvaniti & Ladd (2009). PENTA is a framework for conceptually and computationally linking communicative meanings to fine-grained prosodic details, based on an articulatory-functional view of speech. Target Approximation simulates the articulatory realisation of underlying pitch targets – the prosodic primitives in the framework. Parallel Encoding provides an operational scheme that enables simultaneous encoding of multiple communicative functions. We also outline how PENTA can be computationally tested with a set of software tools. With the help of one of the tools, we offer a PENTA-based hypothetical account of the Greek intonational patterns reported by Arvaniti & Ladd, showing how it is possible to predict the prosodic shapes of an utterance based on the lexical and postlexical meanings it conveys.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
ID Code:66919
Publisher:Cambridge University Press


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