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Colour detection thresholds in faces and colour patches

Tan, K. W. and Stephen, I. D. (2013) Colour detection thresholds in faces and colour patches. Perception, 42 (7). pp. 733-741. ISSN 1468-4233

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1068/p7499


Human facial skin colour reflects individuals’ underlying health (Stephen et al 2011); and enhanced facial skin CIELab b* (yellowness), a* (redness), and L* (lightness) are perceived as healthy (also Stephen et al 2009). Here, we examine Malaysian Chinese participants’ detection thresholds for CIELab L* (lightness), a* (redness), and b* (yellowness) colour changes in Asian, African, and Caucasian faces and skin coloured patches. Twelve face photos and three skin coloured patches were transformed to produce four pairs of images of each individual face and colour patch with different amounts of red, yellow, or lightness, from very subtle (Δ E = 1.2) to quite large differences (Δ E = 9.6). Participants were asked to decide which of sequentially displayed, paired same-face images or colour patches were lighter, redder, or yellower. Changes in facial redness, followed by changes in yellowness, were more easily discriminated than changes in luminance. However, visual sensitivity was not greater for redness and yellowness in nonface stimuli, suggesting red facial skin colour special salience. Participants were also significantly better at recognizing colour differences in own-race (Asian) and Caucasian faces than in African faces, suggesting the existence of cross-race effect in discriminating facial colours. Humans’ colour vision may have been selected for skin colour signalling (Changizi et al 2006), enabling individuals to perceive subtle changes in skin colour, reflecting health and emotional status.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Psychology
University of Reading Malaysia
Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Perception and Action
ID Code:69609

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