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Revisiting the hysteresis effect in surface energy budgets

Sun, T. ORCID:, Wang, Z.-H. and Ni, G.-H. (2013) Revisiting the hysteresis effect in surface energy budgets. Geophysical Research Letters, 40 (9). pp. 1741-1747. ISSN 0094-8276

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/grl.50385


The hysteresis effect in diurnal cycles of net radiation Rn and ground heat flux G0 has been observed in many studies, while the governing mechanism remains vague. In this study, we link the phenomenology of hysteresis loops to the wave phase difference between the diurnal evolutions of various terms in the surface energy balance. Rn and G0 are parameterized with the incoming solar radiation and the surface temperature as two control parameters of the surface energy partitioning. The theoretical analysis shows that the vertical water flux W and the scaled ratio math formula (net shortwave radiation to outgoing longwave radiation) play crucial roles in shaping hysteresis loops of Rn and G0. Comparisons to field measurements indicate that hysteresis loops for different land covers can be well captured by the theoretical model, which is also consistent with Camuffo-Bernadi formula. This study provides insight into the surface partitioning and temporal evolution of the energy budget at the land surface.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:71105
Publisher:American Geophysical Union


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