Accessibility navigation

Quadruple stacking of macrocyclic viologen radical-cations

Murray, C. A., Zhu, Z., Cardin, C. J., Colquhoun, H. M. and Greenland, B. W. (2018) Quadruple stacking of macrocyclic viologen radical-cations. Supramolecular Chemistry, 30 (9). pp. 751-757. ISSN 1061-0278

Text - Accepted Version
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1080/10610278.2017.1375113


The solid state structures of the di-cationic (1a) and radical mono-cationic (1b) redox forms of a 4,4′-bipyridinium (viologen) containing macrocycle have been established by single crystal X-ray analysis. Formation of the radical cation has a dramatic effect on the molecular structure of the macrocycle. Addition of an electron to 1a both decreases the diameter of the ring cavity (from 8.5 to 7.8 Å) and drastically flattens the torsion angle between the two pyridinium residues in the viologen, reducing it from 48° to either 3° or 9° (two independent molecules). Moreover, a close association of these near-planar radical cation units drives the formation of a tetrameric supramolecular structure in the solid state.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Chemical Analysis Facility (CAF) > Xray (CAF)
Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Medicinal Chemistry Research Group
ID Code:72564
Publisher:Taylor & Francis


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation