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Effect of arginine on the aggregation of protein in freeze-dried formulations containing sugars and polyol: II. BSA reconstitution and aggregation

Hackl, E., Darkwah, J., Smith, G. and Ermolina, I. (2018) Effect of arginine on the aggregation of protein in freeze-dried formulations containing sugars and polyol: II. BSA reconstitution and aggregation. AAPS PharmSciTech, 19 (7). pp. 2934-2947. ISSN 1530-9932

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1208/s12249-018-1114-0


The current paper continues our study on the ability of L-arginine to prevent/reduce the aggregation of proteins that results from the various stresses during the lyophilisation and/or storage of lyophilized protein-based products. The first part of our study, i.e. formulation development, was devoted to the rational design and optimization of an L-arginine containing lyophilized formulation which can resist the natural tendency of L-arginine to absorb atmosphere moisture. Mannitol and trehalose were chosen among other excipients to be included in the protein-based formulation, as mannitol in a combination with L-arginine has been shown to reduce moisture sorption while trehalose provides a degree of lyoprotection. In the present study, a number of formulations, which comprised bovine serum albumin (BSA) with and without L-arginine, and with five different ratios of trehalose-to-mannitol (from 30:70 to 80:20) were lyophilised and assessed. The internal structures and the moisture sorption/retention of the lyophilized formulations were characterised. To study the effect of L-arginine on BSA solid-phase stability, the lyophilized powder was exposed to accelerated storage conditions (high moisture (75% RH) and temperature (22 or 45 °C)) for up to 24 h. The lyophilized BSA formulations were then reconstituted and solution-state protein aggregation assessed by turbidimetry at 360 nm and fluorescence spectroscopy using the thioflavin T assay. It was demonstrated that L-arginine can be used in protein-based freeze-dried formulations to significantly reduce the aggregation of protein during the manufacturing, storage and subsequent reconstitution. The results also revealed the importance of a sufficient amount of mannitol in the arginine-containing formulations.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Division of Pharmacology
ID Code:78241
Uncontrolled Keywords:L-arginine, freeze-drying, mannitol, protein aggregation, trehalose

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