Accessibility navigation

Early 21st century cyclone climatology: a 3D perspective. Basic characterization

Lakkis, S. G., Canziani, P., Rodriguez, J., Yuchechen, A., O´Neill, A., Albers, K. and Hodges, K. (2021) Early 21st century cyclone climatology: a 3D perspective. Basic characterization. Climate Dynamics, 41 (7). pp. 4019-4046. ISSN 0930-7575

Text - Accepted Version
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.


It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/joc.7056


Extratropical cyclones are a relevant feature in the climate at middle and high latitudes. Despite their relevance, most of studies typically focus on cyclones identified at a single atmospheric level and on events close to the surface. This paper provides a new perspective on the Southern Hemisphere cyclone events based on the multilevel cyclone tracking algorithm STACKER. The algorithm, using relative vorticity, detects the raw tracks at single levels and objectively combine them to provide the 3D events and their evolutionary timeline. As result, 3D cyclone climatology, based on ECMWF Reanalysis ERA-I data from 12 pressure levels in the troposphere and lowermost stratosphere is presented. To the best of our knowledge this is the first analysis carried out throughout the troposphere and the lowermost extratropical/subpolar stratosphere in order to give a comprehensive picture of the cyclone events as physical entities throughout their lifetime. Cyclone properties analysed are track densities, translational velocity, vorticity and lifetimes. For the subtropical and extrattropical SH, results support many previous ideas about cyclone characteristics, but new insights are also obtained. A total of 58231 multilevel cyclone events lasting at least 2 days were detected, with vertical structures spanning two or more levels. This means an average of 303 cyclone events of all types per month, between 2001 and 2017, disregarding seasonality. Results shows that the lowermost level of cyclones are most frequently detected at 925 and 700 hPa, Considering that cyclonic systems can be grouped into families, results per month on average, show that shallow systems are the most frequent events with approximately 248 systems detected, followed by 43 intermediates and 11 deep events. Shallow and deep systems have a large percentage of events with genesis at 925 and 700hPa. Density statistics show that shallow events are present at all latitude ranges mostly poleward 30ºS with high and medium intensities, while intermediate ones are mostly restricted to mid-latitudes and deep events are mostly confined to sub-polar and polar latitudes. Cyclones over Antarctica seems to be mostly intermediates and deeps, with longer lifetimes and lower velocities.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:94778


Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation