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Pattern-based conditioning enhances sub-seasonal prediction skill of European national energy variables

Bloomfield, H. C. ORCID:, Brayshaw, D. J. ORCID:, Gonzalez, P. L. M. ORCID: and Charlton-Perez, A. (2021) Pattern-based conditioning enhances sub-seasonal prediction skill of European national energy variables. Meteorological Applications, 28 (4). e2018. ISSN 1469-8080

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/met.2018


Sub-seasonal forecasts are becoming more widely used in the energy sector to inform high-impact, weather-dependent decisions. Using pattern-based methods (such as weather regimes) is also becoming commonplace, although until now an assessment of how pattern-based methods perform compared to gridded model output has not been completed. We compare four methods to predict weekly-mean anomalies of electricity demand and demand-net-wind across 28 European countries. At short lead times (days 0-10) grid-point forecasts have higher skill than pattern-based methods across multiple metrics. However, at extended lead times (day 12+) pattern-based methods can show greater skill than grid-point forecasts. All methods have relatively low skill at weekly-mean national impact forecasts beyond day 12, particularly for probabilistic skill metrics. We therefore develop a method of pattern-based conditioning, which is able to provide windows of opportunity for prediction at extended lead times: when at least 50% of the ensemble members of a forecast agree on a specific pattern, skill increases significantly. The conditioning is valuable for users interested in particular thresholds for decision making, as it combines the dynamical robustness in the large-scale flow conditions from the pattern-based methods with local information present in the grid-point forecasts.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:99445
Publisher:Royal Meteorological Society


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