Fatty acids and the immune system: from basic science to clinical applications
Yaqoob, P. (2004) Fatty acids and the immune system: from basic science to clinical applications. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 63 (1). pp. 89-104. ISSN 0029-6651
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1079/PNS2003328
Over the last 25 years, the effects of fatty acids on the immune system have been characterized using in vitro, animal and human studies. Advances in fatty acid biochemistry and molecular techniques have recently suggested new mechanisms by which fatty acids could potentially modify immune responses, including modification of the organization of cellular lipids and interaction with nuclear receptors. Possibilities for the clinical applications of n-3 PUFA are now developing. The present review focuses on the hypothesis that the anti-inflammatory properties of n-3 PUFA in the arterial wall may contribute to the protective effects of n-3 PUFA in CVD, as suggested by epidemiological and secondary prevention studies. Studies are just beginning to show that dietary n-3 PUFA can be incorporated into plaque lipid in human subjects, where they may influence the morphology and stability of the atherosclerotic lesion.