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Synthesis of isomaltooligosaccharides and oligodextrans by the combined use of dextransucrase and dextranase

Goulas, A.K., Fisher, D.A., Grimble, G.K., Grandison, A.S. and Rastall, R.A. (2004) Synthesis of isomaltooligosaccharides and oligodextrans by the combined use of dextransucrase and dextranase. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 35 (4). pp. 327-338. ISSN 0141-0229

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2004.05.008

Abstract/Summary

Batch syntheses of isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO) from sucrose, using the enzymes dextransucrase and dextranase were performed with the aim of understanding the reaction mechanism and the parameters which affect product characteristics and molecular size. Both activities described for dextransucrase (dextran formation and acceptor reaction) achieved synthesis whilst the hydrolytic activity of dextranase regulated the product molecular size and acceptor availability. Depending on the reaction conditions, the product oligosaccharide mixtures contained mainly sugars (up to 36%) with degrees of polymerization (DP) varying between 10 and 60 together with lower concentrations of both lower and higher molecular weight sugars. Alterations in substrate and dextranase concentrations (50-400 mg ml(-1) and 2.5-46 U ml(-1), respectively) affected the molecular weight of IMO, the reaction rate and the formation of leucrose. This permitted manipulation of the product characteristics. It was found that higher substrate and dextranase concentrations gave rise to products with lower molecular sizes and a dextransucrase:dextranase ratio of 1: 1 or 1:2 appeared to produce a polymer with a molecular weight which is desirable for prebiotic use. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13357
Uncontrolled Keywords:dextransucrase, endodextranase, isomaltooligosaccharides, prebiotics, liquid chromatography, LEUCONOSTOC-MESENTEROIDES, OLIGOSACCHARIDE SYNTHESIS, FECAL, BIFIDOBACTERIA, LIPOMYCES-STARKEYI, ACCEPTOR REACTION, MOLECULAR-WEIGHT, SUCROSE, PURIFICATION, MECHANISM, KINETICS

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