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Synthesis of isomaltooligosaccharides and oligodextrans in a recycle membrane bioreactor by the combined use of dextransucrase and dextranase

Goulas, A.K., Cooper, J.M., Grandison, A.S. and Rastall, R.A. (2004) Synthesis of isomaltooligosaccharides and oligodextrans in a recycle membrane bioreactor by the combined use of dextransucrase and dextranase. Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 88 (6). pp. 778-787. ISSN 0006-3592

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/bit.20257

Abstract/Summary

A recycle ultrafiltration membrane reactor was used to develop a continuous synthesis process for the production of isomaltooligosaccharides (IMO) from sucrose, using the enzymes dextransucrase and dextranase. A variety of membranes were tested and the parameters affecting reactor stability, productivity, and product molecular weight distribution were investigated. Enzyme inactivation in the reactor was reduced with the use of a non-ionic surfactant but its use had severe adverse effects on the membrane pore size and porosity. During continuous isomaltooligosaccharide synthesis, dextransucrase inactivation was shown to occur as a result of the dextranase activity and it was dependent mainly on the substrate availability in the reactor and the hydrolytic activity of dextranase. Substrate and dextranase concentrations (50-200 mg/mL(-1) and 10-30 U/mL(-1), respectively) affected permeate fluxes, reactor productivity, and product average molecular weight. The oligodextrans and isomaltooligosaccharides formed had molecular weights lower than in batch synthesis reactions but they largely consisted of oligosaccharides with a degree of polymerization (DP) greater than 5, depending on the synthesis conditions. No significant rejection of the sugars formed was shown by the membranes and permeate flux was dependent on tangential flow velocity. (C) 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
ID Code:13358
Uncontrolled Keywords:dextransucrase, endodextranase, isomaltooligosaccharides, prebiotics, recycle membrane reactor, LEUCONOSTOC-MESENTEROIDES DEXTRANSUCRASE, HIGHLY PURIFIED, DEXTRANSUCRASE, ENZYME DEXTRANSUCRASE, ACCEPTOR REACTION, NRRL B-512F, OLIGOSACCHARIDES, PURIFICATION, ULTRAFILTRATION, IMMOBILIZATION, POLYSACCHARIDES

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