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The development of anxiety disorders in childhood: an integrative review

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Murray, L., Creswell, C. and Cooper, P. J. (2009) The development of anxiety disorders in childhood: an integrative review. Psychological Medicine, 39 (9). pp. 1413-1423. ISSN 1469-8978

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1017/s0033291709005157

Abstract/Summary

We present an integrative review of the development of child anxiety, drawing on a number of strands of research. Family aggregation and genetic studies indicate raised vulnerability to anxiety in offspring of adults with the disorder (e.g. the temperamental style of behavioural inhibition, or information processing biases). Environmental factors are also important; these include adverse life events and exposure to negative information or modelling. Parents are likely to be key, although not unique, sources of such influences, particularly if they are anxious themselves. Some parenting behaviours associated with child anxiety, such as overprotection, may be elicited by child characteristics, especially in the context of parental anxiety, and these may serve to maintain child disorder. Emerging evidence emphasizes the importance of taking the nature of child and parental anxiety into account, of constructing assessments and interventions that are both disorder specific, and of considering bidirectional influences.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Winnicott
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences
ID Code:13912
Uncontrolled Keywords:Anxiety, behavioural inhibition, child, development, parenting, STRESSFUL LIFE EVENTS, BEHAVIORAL-INHIBITION, SOCIAL PHOBIA, ANXIOUS, CHILDREN, PANIC DISORDER, HIGH-RISK, NONASSOCIATIVE ACCOUNT, PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN, SEPARATION ANXIETY, EXPRESSED EMOTION
Publisher:Cambridge University Press

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