Comprendre l'opposition parlementaire: le Parlement de Paris face aux réformes de Silhouette (1759)
Felix, J. (2011) Comprendre l'opposition parlementaire: le Parlement de Paris face aux réformes de Silhouette (1759). Parlement[s] Revue d'histoire politique, 15. pp. 31-43. ISSN 1768-6520
Official URL: http://www.parlements.org/revueparlements.html#15
The aim of this article is to reconsider the fiscal interpretation of opposition parlementaire to government policy. First, it suggests that the meaning of the remonstrances is blurred by specific constraints which make it very difficult to interpret these texts. Second, it analyses a variety of documents relating to Silhouette’s fiscal projects (1759) and shows that the real objective of the Parlement of Paris, which was never mentioned in its remonstrances, was to finance the Seven Years’ War by issuing paper-money. This reading reveals the influence of the British model of State finance, especially on the critical issue of credit, on both ministers and magistrates. In spite of this common reference, the government and the Parlement of Paris diverged in their reading of the fiscal crisis, and the political culture of the monarchy prevented the formation of a workable consensus.