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Sugars in crop plants

Halford, N. G., Curtis, T. Y., Muttucumaru, N., Postles, J. and Mottram, D. S. (2011) Sugars in crop plants. Annals of Applied Biology, 158 (1). pp. 1-25. ISSN 1744-7248

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1111/j.1744-7348.2010.00443.x

Abstract/Summary

We review current knowledge of the most abundant sugars, sucrose, maltose, glucose and fructose, in the world's major crop plants. The sucrose-accumulating crops, sugar beet and sugar cane, are included, but the main focus of the review is potato and the major cereal crops. The production of sucrose in photosynthesis and the inter-relationships of sucrose, glucose, fructose and other metabolites in primary carbon metabolism are described, as well as the synthesis of starch, fructan and cell wall polysaccharides and the breakdown of starch to produce maltose. The importance of sugars as hormone-like signalling molecules is discussed, including the role of another sugar, trehalose, and the trehalose biosynthetic pathway. The Maillard reaction, which occurs between reducing sugars and amino acids during thermal processing, is described because of its importance for colour and flavour in cooked foods. This reaction also leads to the formation of potentially harmful compounds, such as acrylamide, and is attracting increasing attention as food producers and regulators seek to reduce the levels of acrylamide in cooked food. Genetic and environmental factors affecting sugar concentrations are described.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food and Bioprocessing Research Group
ID Code:22250
Uncontrolled Keywords:Acrylamide; carbohydrates; carbon metabolism; cell walls; crop science; food quality; food safety; fructan; fructose; furans; glucose; Maillard reaction; maize; maltose; potato; rice; rye; signalling; starch; sucrose; sugar cane; sugar beet;trehalose;wheat
Publisher:Wiley

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