Nitric oxide suppresses cerebral vasomotion by sGC-independent effects on ryanodine receptors and voltage-gated calcium channels
Yuill, K. H., McNeish, A., Kansui, Y., Garland, C. J. and Dora , K. A. (2010) Nitric oxide suppresses cerebral vasomotion by sGC-independent effects on ryanodine receptors and voltage-gated calcium channels. Journal of Vascular Research, 47 (2). pp. 93-107. ISSN 1018-1172
To link to this article DOI: 10.1159/000235964
Background/Aims: In cerebral arteries, nitric oxide (NO) release plays a key role in suppressing vasomotion. Our aim was to establish the pathways affected by NO in rat middle cerebral arteries. Methods: In isolated segments of artery, isometric tension and simultaneous measurements of either smooth muscle membrane potential or intracellular [Ca 2+ ] ([Ca 2+ ] SMC ) changes were recorded. Results: In the absence of L -NAME, asynchronous propagating Ca 2+ waves were recorded that were sensitive to block with ryanodine, but not nifedipine. L -NAME stimulated pronounced vasomotion and synchronous Ca 2+ oscillations with close temporal coupling between membrane potential, tone and [Ca 2+ ] SMC . If nifedipine was applied together with L -NAME, [Ca 2+ ] SMC decreased and synchronous Ca 2+ oscillations were lost, but asynchronous propagating Ca 2+ waves persisted. Vasomotion was similarly evoked by either iberiotoxin, or by ryanodine, and to a lesser extent by ODQ. Exogenous application of NONOate stimulated endothelium-independent hyperpolarization and relaxation of either L -NAME-induced or spontaneous arterial tone. NO-evoked hyperpolarization involved activation of BK Ca channels via ryanodine receptors (RYRs), with little involvement of sGC. Further, in whole cell mode, NO inhibited current through L-type voltage-gated Ca 2+ channels (VGCC), which was independent of both voltage and sGC. Conclusion: NO exerts sGC-independent actions at RYRs and at VGCC, both of which normally suppress cerebral artery myogenic tone.