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Standardised ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids of UK-grown peas and faba beans by broilers

O’Neill , H. V. M., Rademacher, M., Mueller-Harvey, I., Stringano, E., Kightley, S. and Wiseman, J. (2012) Standardised ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids of UK-grown peas and faba beans by broilers. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 175 (3-4). pp. 158-167. ISSN 0377-8401

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.anifeedsci.2012.05.004

Abstract/Summary

In view of the increasing interest in home-grown legumes as components of diets for non-ruminant livestock and in an attempt to reduce the reliance on imported soya bean meal (SBM), two experiments were conducted to evaluate samples of peas and faba beans for their standardised ileal digestibility (SID) of amino acids determined with young broiler chicks. Experiment 1 evaluated six faba bean and seven pea cultivars and Experiment 2 evaluated two faba bean and three pea cultivars as well as a sample of soya bean meal provided as a reference material. Peas and beans were added at 750g/kg as the only source of protein/amino acids in a semi-synthetic diet containing the inert marker titanium dioxide; SBM was added, in a control diet, at 500g/kg. Each diet was fed to six replicates of a cage containing two Ross-type broilers for 96h at which point birds were culled allowing removal of ileal digesta. Chemical analyses allowed the calculation of the coefficient of SID of amino acids. There were no differences between samples of the same pulse species (P>0.05) but peas had higher values (P<0.05), similar to SBM, than beans. Trypsin inhibitor content (expressed as g trypsin inhibitor units/mg sample) of all pea samples was low and in the range 0.83–1.77mg/kg. There was relatively little variation in bean tannin content and composition amongst the coloured-flowered varieties; however, the white-flowered cultivar had no tannins. There was no correlation between tannin content and coefficient of SID. The content of SID of amino acids (g/kg legume) was higher in SBM when compared with peas and beans by virtue of having higher total concentrations.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
ID Code:28609
Uncontrolled Keywords:Amino acid; Bean; Broiler; Digestibility; Pea; Protein; Tannin; Trypsin inhibitor
Publisher:Elsevier

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