Physicochemical changes occuring in oil when atmospheric frying is combined with post-frying vacuum application
Ahmad Tarmizi, A. H., Niranjan, K. and Gordon, M. (2013) Physicochemical changes occuring in oil when atmospheric frying is combined with post-frying vacuum application. Food Chemistry, 136 (2). pp. 902-908. ISSN 0308-8146
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.foodchem.2012.08.001
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of atmospheric frying followed by drainage under vacuum on the stability of oil, compared to similar frying with drainage at atmospheric pressure. Changes in the oil were assessed by the free fatty acid (FFA) content, p-anisidine value (AnV), colour, viscosity, fatty acid profile and concentration of tocols. The rate of FFA formation in the case of vacuum drainage was found to be about half that of atmospheric drainage. Oil deterioration by oxidation and polymerisation was also reduced by the use of vacuum drainage. The AnV of the oil after vacuum drainage was lower by about 12%, the total colour difference was improved by 14% and viscosity was slightly reduced after 5 days of frying, compared to the values for oil that had been drained at atmospheric pressure. There was a reduction in the loss of polyunsaturated fatty acids in the case of vacuum drainage after 5 days of frying but differences in retention of tocols were only evident in the first two days of frying.