Coupled subdaily and multiweek cycles during the lava dome erupt of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat
Costa, A., Wadge, G., Stewart, R. and Odbert, H. (2013) Coupled subdaily and multiweek cycles during the lava dome erupt of Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat. Journal of Geophysical Research. Solid Earth, 118 (5). pp. 1895-1903. ISSN 2169-9356
To link to this article DOI: 10.1002/jgrb.50095
Observations of volcanoes extruding andesitic lava to produce lava domes often reveal cyclic behaviour. At Soufriere Hills Volcano, Montserrat, cycles with sub-daily and multi-week periods have been recognised on many occasions. These two types of cycle have been modelled separately as stick-slip magma flow at the junction between a dyke and an overlying cylindrical conduit (Costa et al. 2012), and as the filling and discharge of magma through the elastic-walled dyke (Costa et al., 2007a) respectively. Here, we couple these two models to simulate the behaviour over a period of well-observed multi-week cycles, with accompanying sub-daily cycles, from 13 May to 21 September 1997. The coupled model captures well the asymmetrical first-order behaviour: the first 40% of the multi-week cycle consists of high rates of lava extrusion during short period/high amplitude sub-daily cycles as the dyke reservoir discharges itself. The remainder of the cycle involves increasing pressurization as more magma is stored, and extrusion rate falls, followed by a gradual increase in the period of the sub-daily cycles.