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Nontargeted LC-MS(n) profiling of compounds in ileal fluids that decrease after raspberry intake identifies consistent alterations in bile acid composition

McDougall, G. J., Allwood, J. W., Pereira-Caro, G., Brown, E. M., Ternan, N., Verrall, S., Stewart, D., Lawther, R., O'Connor, G., Rowland, I., Crozier, A. and Gill, C. I. R. (2016) Nontargeted LC-MS(n) profiling of compounds in ileal fluids that decrease after raspberry intake identifies consistent alterations in bile acid composition. Journal of natural products, 79 (10). pp. 2606-2615. ISSN 1520-6025

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.6b00532

Abstract/Summary

Ileostomy studies provide a unique insight into the digestion of foods, allowing identification of physiologically relevant dietary phytochemicals and their metabolites that are important to gut health. We previously reported an increase of components, including novel triterpenoids, in ileal fluids of 11 ileostomates following consumption of raspberries using nontargeted LC-MS(n) techniques in combination with data deconvolution software. The current study focused on components that consistently decreased postsupplementation. After data deconvolution, 32 components were identified that met exclusion parameters of m/z signals and which decreased significantly in ileal fluids from eight of 11 participants post-raspberry supplementation. Two-thirds of these components were identified putatively from their MS properties. Consistent decreases were observed in components that possibly reflected "washing out" of presupplementation intake of common foods/drinks including (poly)phenol metabolites. Metabolites associated with fat metabolism such as hydroxylated fatty acids and cholate-type bile acids were specifically reduced. However, more directed re-examination of the data revealed that although some cholates were consistently reduced, the more polar glyco- and tauro-linked bile acid derivatives increased consistently, by as much as 100-fold over presupplementation levels. The possible reasons for these substantial alterations in bile acid composition in ileal fluids in response to raspberry intake are discussed.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:67114
Publisher:American Chemical Society

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