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A regime analysis of Atlantic winter jet variability applied to evaluate HadGEM3-GC2

Masato, G., Woollings, T., Williams, K. D., Hoskins, B. J. and Lee, R. W. (2016) A regime analysis of Atlantic winter jet variability applied to evaluate HadGEM3-GC2. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 142 (701). pp. 3162-3170. ISSN 1477-870X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1002/qj.2897

Abstract/Summary

The behaviour of the eddy-driven jet over the Atlantic sector during the winter season is analyzed for the ERA-Interim reanalysis and the coupled and atmosphere-only configuration of HadGEM3-GC2—the climate model in use at the Met Office. The trimodal distribution that characterizes the jet-stream structure in terms of its preferred locations is reproduced with good accuracy by the model, although a distinct bias towards the high-latitude position is observed. Two different scenarios are found to contribute to this bias. One occurs when the jet shifts from its southern regime, whereby it settles too far north and for too long compared with the reanalysis. The other is associated with the exit from the central latitude regime, with too many events shifting poleward rather than equatorward. Excessively large lower tropospheric eddy heat fluxes during these transitions may account for the jet errors, even though the heat fluxes do not exhibit a climatological bias. Interestingly, these biases are weaker when the atmosphere model is forced with observed sea-surface temperatures (SSTs), suggesting that either it is vital to have the correct SST distribution or ocean–atmosphere coupling plays a key role in the biases. Additional analysis revealed that the Pacific jet exit is biased south in the coupled model and that this contributes to the Atlantic bias. Anomalously warm SSTs in the Gulf Stream region may be acting together with the Pacific bias in fostering anomalous activity in low-level eddy heat fluxes.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:68061
Uncontrolled Keywords:jet stream; regimes; HadGEM3-GC2
Publisher:Royal Meteorological Society

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