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Stuttering generalization self-measure: preliminary development of a self-measuring tool

Alameer, M., Meteyard, L. and Ward, D. (2017) Stuttering generalization self-measure: preliminary development of a self-measuring tool. Journal of Fluency Disorders, 53. pp. 41-51. ISSN 0094-730X

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.jfludis.2017.04.001

Abstract/Summary

Objectives: The reader will become knowledgeable about 1) the relationship between stuttering severity and speech-anxiety level, and 2) the importance of assessing the generalization effect in different social speaking situations. Additionally, the reader will understand the processes of validating the Stuttering Generalization Self-Measure. Abstract Introduction: Generalization of treatment is considered a difficult task for clinicians and people who stutter (PWS), and can constitute a barrier to long-term treatment success. To our knowledge, there are no standardized tests that collect measurement of the behavioral and cognitive aspects alongside the client’s self-perception in real-life speaking situations. Purpose: This paper describes the development of a Stuttering Generalization Self-Measure (SGSM). The purpose of SGSM is to assess 1) stuttering severity and 2) speech-anxiety level during real-life situations as perceived by PWS. Additionally, this measurement aims to 3) investigate correlations between stuttering severity and speech-anxiety level within the same real-life situation. Method: The SGSM includes speaking situations that are developed to cover a variety of frequent speaking situations. These items were created according to five listener categories (family and close friends, acquaintances, strangers, persons of authority, and giving a short speech to small audience). Forty-three participants (22 PWS, and 21 control) aged 18 to 53 years were asked to complete the assessment in real-life situations. Results: Preliminary analyses indicated that test-retest reliability was high for both groups. Discriminant validity was also achieved as the SGSM scores significantly differed between the two groups for stuttering and speech-anxiety. Convergent validity was confirmed by significant correlations between the SGSM and other speech-related anxiety measures.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Department of Clinical Language Sciences
Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Psychology and Clinical Language Sciences > Language and Cognition
ID Code:70184
Uncontrolled Keywords:Stuttering severity, speech-anxiety, self-perception, assessment, generalization
Publisher:Elsevier

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