Accessibility navigation


Correlates of overall and central obesity in adults from seven European countries: findings from the Food4Me Study

Celis-Morales, C., Livingstone, K. M., Affleck, A., Navas-Carretero, S., San-Cristobal, R., Martinez, J. A., Marsaux, C. F. M., Saris, W. H. M., O'Donovan, C. B., Forster, H., Woolhead, C., Gibney, E. R., Walsh, M. C., Brennan, L., Gibney, M., Moschonis, G., Lambrinou, C.-P., Mavrogianni, C., Manios, Y., Macready, A. L. , Fallaize, R., Lovegrove, J. A., Kolossa, S., Daniel, H., Traczyk, I., Drevon, C. A. and Mathers, J. C. (2018) Correlates of overall and central obesity in adults from seven European countries: findings from the Food4Me Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 72 (2). pp. 207-219. ISSN 0954-3007

[img]
Preview
Text - Accepted Version
· Please see our End User Agreement before downloading.

391kB

It is advisable to refer to the publisher's version if you intend to cite from this work. See Guidance on citing.

To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/s41430-017-0004-y

Abstract/Summary

To identify predictors of obesity in adults and investigate to what extent these predictors are independent of other major confounding factors. Data collected at baseline from 1441 participants from the Food4Me study conducted in seven European countries were included in this study. A food frequency questionnaire was used to measure dietary intake. Accelerometers were used to assess physical activity levels (PA), whereas participants self-reported their body weight, height and waist circumference via the internet. The main factors associated (p < 0.05) with higher BMI per 1-SD increase in the exposure were age (β:1.11 kg/m2), intakes of processed meat (β:1.04 kg/m2), red meat (β:1.02 kg/m2), saturated fat (β:0.84 kg/m2), monounsaturated fat (β:0.80 kg/m2), protein (β:0.74 kg/m2), total energy intake (β:0.50 kg/m2), olive oil (β:0.36 kg/m2), sugar sweetened carbonated drinks (β:0.33 kg/m2) and sedentary time (β:0.73 kg/m2). In contrast, the main factors associated with lower BMI per 1-SD increase in the exposure were PA (β:-1.36 kg/m2), intakes of wholegrains (β:-1.05 kg/m2), fibre (β:-1.02 kg/m2), fruits and vegetables (β:-0.52 kg/m2), nuts (β:-0.52 kg/m2), polyunsaturated fat (β:-0.50 kg/m2), Healthy Eating Index (β:-0.42 kg/m2), Mediterranean diet score (β:-0.40 kg/m2), oily fish (β:-0.31 kg/m2), dairy (β:-0.31 kg/m2) and fruit juice (β:-0.25 kg/m2). These findings are important for public health and suggest that promotion of increased PA, reducing sedentary behaviours and improving the overall quality of dietary patterns are important strategies for addressing the existing obesity epidemic and associated disease burden.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:74604
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

University Staff: Request a correction | Centaur Editors: Update this record

Page navigation