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The composition of liquid atmospheric pressure matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization matrices and its effect on ionization in mass spectrometry

Ryumin, P. and Cramer, R. (2018) The composition of liquid atmospheric pressure matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization matrices and its effect on ionization in mass spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 1013. pp. 43-53. ISSN 1873-4324

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.aca.2018.01.070

Abstract/Summary

New liquid atmospheric pressure (AP) matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) matrices that produce predominantly multiply charged ions have been developed and evaluated with respect to their performance for peptide and protein analysis by mass spectrometry (MS). Both the chromophore and the viscous support liquid in these matrices were optimized for highest MS signal intensity, S/N values and maximum charge state. The best performance in both protein and peptide analysis was achieved employing light diols as matrix support liquids (e.g. ethylene glycol and propylene glycol). Investigating the influence of the chromophore, it was found that 2,5-dihydroxybenzoic acid resulted in a higher analyte ion signal intensity for the analysis of small peptides; however larger molecules (>17kDa) were undetectable. For larger molecules, a sample preparation based on α-cyano-4-hydroxycinnammic acid as the chromophore was developed and multiply protonated analytes with charge states of more than 50 were detected. Thus, for the first time it was possible to detect with MALDI MS proteins as large as ~80kDa with a high number of charge states, i.e. m/z values below 2000. Systematic investigations of various matrix support liquids have revealed a linear dependency between laser threshold energy and surface tension of the liquid MALDI sample.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Chemistry
ID Code:75541
Publisher:Elsevier

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