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Inter-calibration of HY-1B/COCTS thermal infrared channels with MetOp-A/IASI

Liu, M., Merchant, C. J., Guan, L. and Mittaz, J. P. D. (2018) Inter-calibration of HY-1B/COCTS thermal infrared channels with MetOp-A/IASI. Remote Sensing, 10 (8). 1173. ISSN 2072-4292

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/rs10081173

Abstract/Summary

The Chinese Ocean Color and Temperature Scanner (COCTS) on board the Haiyang-1B (HY-1B) satellite has two thermal infrared channels (9 and 10) centred near 11 μm and 12 μm respectively which are intended for sea surface temperature (SST) observations. In order to improve the accuracy of COCTS SSTs, the inter-calibration of COCTS thermal infrared radiance is carried out. The Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer (IASI) on board MetOp-A satellite is used as inter-calibration reference owing to its hyperspectral nature and high-quality measurements. The inter-calibration of HY-1B COCTS thermal infrared radiances with IASI is undertaken for data from the period 2009 to 2011 located in the northwest Pacific. Collocations of COCTS radiance with IASI are identified within a temporal window of 30 minutes, a spatial window of 0.12° and an atmospheric path tolerance of 3%. Matched IASI spectra are convolved with the COCTS spectral response functions, while COCTS pixels within the footprint of each IASI pixel are spatially averaged, thus creating matched IASI-COCTS radiance pairs that should agree well in the absence of satellite biases. The radiances of COCTS 11 and 12 μm channel are lower than IASI with relatively large biases, and a strong dependence of difference on radiance in the case of 11 μm channel. We use linear robust regression for different four detectors of COCTS separately to obtain the inter-calibration coefficients to correct the COCTS radiance. After correction, the mean values of COCTS 11 and 12 μm channel minus IASI radiance are -0.02 mW m-2 cm sr-1 and -0.01 mW m-2 cm sr-1 respectively, with corresponding standard deviations of 0.51 mW m-2 cm sr-1 and 0.57 mW m-2 cm sr-1. Striped noise is present in COCTS original radiance imagery associated with inconsistency between four detectors, and inter-calibration is shown to reduce, although not eliminate, the striping. The calibration accuracy of COCTS is improved after inter-calibration, that is potentially useful for improving COCTS SST accuracy in the future.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO)
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:78257
Publisher:MDPI

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