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Burkholderia thailandensis as a microbial cell factory for the bioconversion of used cooking oil to polyhydroxyalkanoates and rhamnolipids

Kourmentza, C., Costa, J., Azevedo, Z., Servin, C., Grandfils, C., De Freitas, V. and Reis, M. A. M. (2018) Burkholderia thailandensis as a microbial cell factory for the bioconversion of used cooking oil to polyhydroxyalkanoates and rhamnolipids. Bioresource Technology, 247. pp. 829-837. ISSN 0960-8524

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2017.09.138

Abstract/Summary

The present work assessed the feasibility of used cooking oil as a low cost carbon source for rhamnolipid biosurfactant production employing the strain Burkholderia thailandensis. According to the results, B. thailandensis was able to produce rhamnolipids up to 2.2 g/L, with the dominant congener being the di-rhamnolipid Rha-Rha-C -C . Rhamnolipids had the ability to reduce the surface tension to 37.7 mN/m and the interfacial tension against benzene and oleic acid to 4.2 and 1.5 mN/m, while emulsification index against kerosene reached up to 64%. The ability of B. thailandensis to accumulate intracellular biopolymers, in the form of polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), was also monitored. Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) was accumulated simultaneously and consisted of up to 60% of the cell dry weight. PHB was further characterized in terms of its molecular weight and thermal properties. This is the first study reporting the simultaneous production of polyhydroxyalkanoates and rhamnolipids by the non-pathogen rhamnolipid producer B. thailandensis.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Research Group
ID Code:78604
Uncontrolled Keywords:Non-pathogenic bacteria, Polyhydroxyalkanoates, Rhamnolipids, Simultaneous production, Used cooking oil
Publisher:Elsevier

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