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Predictability of South China Sea summer monsoon onset

Martin, G. M., Chevuturi, A., Comer, R. E., Dunstone, N. J., Scaife, A. A. and Zhang, D. (2019) Predictability of South China Sea summer monsoon onset. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 36 (3). pp. 253-260. ISSN 0256-1530

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s00376-018-8100-z

Abstract/Summary

Predicting monsoon onset is crucial for agriculture and socioeconomic planning in countries where millions rely on the timely arrival of monsoon rains for their livelihoods. In this study we demonstrate useful skill in predicting year to year variations in South China Sea summer monsoon onset at up to 3 months lead time using the GloSea5 seasonal forecasting system. The main source of predictability comes from skilful prediction of Pacific sea surface temperatures associated with El Niño and La Niña. The South China Sea summer monsoon onset is a known indicator of the broadscale seasonal transition that represents the first stage of the onset of the Asian summer monsoon as a whole. Subsequent development of rainfall across East Asia is influenced by sub-seasonal variability and synoptic events that reduce predictability, but interannual variability in the broadscale monsoon onset for East Asian summer monsoon still provides potentially useful information for users about possible delays or early occurrence of the onset of rainfall over East Asia.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:80526
Publisher:Springer

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