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On temporal scale separation in coupled data assimilation with the ensemble Kalman filter

Tondeur, M., Carrassi, A., Vannitsem, S. and Bocquet, M. (2020) On temporal scale separation in coupled data assimilation with the ensemble Kalman filter. Journal of Statistical Physics, 179 (5-6). pp. 1161-1185. ISSN 0022-4715

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s10955-020-02525-z

Abstract/Summary

Data assimilation for systems possessing many scales of motions is a substantial methodological and technological challenge. Systems with these features are found in many areas of computational physics and are becoming common thanks to increased computational power allowing to resolve finer scales and to couple together several sub-components. Coupled data assimilation (CDA) distinctively appears as a main concern in numerical weather and climate prediction with major efforts put forward by meteo services worldwide. The core issue is the scale separation acting as a barrier that hampers the propagation of the information across model components (e.g. ocean and atmosphere). We provide a brief survey of CDA, and then focus on CDA using the ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF), a widely used Monte Carlo Gaussian method. Our goal is to elucidate the mechanisms behind information propagation across model components. We consider first a coupled system of equations with temporal scale difference, and deduce that: (i) cross components effects are strong from the slow to the fast scale, but, (ii) intra-component effects are much stronger in the fast scale. While observing the slow scale is desirable and benefits the fast, the latter must be observed with high frequency otherwise the error will grow up to affect the slow scale. Numerical experiments are performed using the atmosphere-ocean model, MAOOAM. Six configurations are considered, differing for the strength of the atmosphere-ocean coupling and/or the number of model modes. The performance of the EnKF depends on the model configuration, i.e. on its dynamical features. A comprehensive dynamical characterisation of the model configurations is provided by examining the Lyapunov spectrum, Kolmogorov entropy and Kaplan–Yorke attractor dimension. We also compute the covariant Lyapunov vectors and use them to explain how model instabilities act on different model’s modes according to the coupling strength. The experiments confirm the importance of observing the fast scale, but show also that, despite its slow temporal scale, frequent observations in the ocean are beneficial. The relation between the ensemble size, N, and the unstable subspace dimension,

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > National Centre for Earth Observation (NCEO)
Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:89580
Publisher:Springer

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