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Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) and hypertension: a review of vasodilatory mechanisms of DHA and EPA

Bercea, C.-I., Cottrell, G. S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9098-7627, Tamagnini, F. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8741-5094 and McNeish, A. J. (2021) Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) and hypertension: a review of vasodilatory mechanisms of DHA and EPA. British Journal of Pharmacology, 178 (4). pp. 860-877. ISSN 0007-1188

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1111/bph.15336

Abstract/Summary

Hypertension is often characterised by impaired vasodilation involving dysfunction of multiple vasodilatory mechanisms. ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) can reduce blood pressure, and vasodilation. In the endothelium, DHA and EPA improve function including increased nitric oxide bioavailability. However, animal studies show that DHA- and EPA-mediated vasodilation persists after endothelial removal, indicating a role for vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). The vasodilatory effects of ω-3 PUFAs on VSMCs are mediated via opening of large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels (BK ), ATP-sensitive potassium channels (K ) and possibly members of the Kv7 family of voltage-activated potassium channels, resulting in hyperpolarisation and relaxation. ω-3 PUFA actions on BK and voltage-gated ion channels involve electrostatic interactions that are dependent on the polyunsaturated acyl tail, cis-geometry of these double bonds and negative charge of the carboxyl headgroup; suggesting structural manipulation of ω-3 PUFA could generate novel, targeted, therapeutic leads.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Division of Pharmacology
ID Code:94951
Publisher:Wiley

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