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Poleward migration of western North Pacific tropical cyclones related to changes in cyclone seasonality

Feng, X. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4143-107X, Klingaman, N. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2927-9303 and Hodges, K. (2021) Poleward migration of western North Pacific tropical cyclones related to changes in cyclone seasonality. Nature Communications, 12. ISSN 2041-1723 (In Press)

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-26369-7

Abstract/Summary

The average location of observed western North Pacific (WNP) tropical cyclones (TCs) has shifted north over the last several decades, but the cause remains not fully understood. Here we show that, for the annual average, the observed northward migration of WNP TCs is related to changes in TC seasonality, not to a northward migration in all seasons. Normally, peak-season (July–September) TCs form and travel further north than late-season (October–December) TCs. In recent decades, related to less frequent late-season TCs, seasonally higher-latitude TCs contribute relatively more to the annual-average location and seasonally lower-latitude TCs contribute less. We show that the change in TC seasonality is related to the different responses of late-season and peak-season TC occurrence to a stronger Pacific Walker Circulation. Our findings provide a perspective on long-term trends in TC activity, by decomposing the annual-average statistics into seasonal components, which could respond differently to anthropogenic forcing.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:100025
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group

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