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Coupled climate response to Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in a multi-model multi-resolution ensemble

Hodson, D. L. R. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7159-6700, Bretonnière, P.-A., Cassou, C., Davini, P., Klingaman, N. P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2927-9303, Lohmann, K., Lopez-Parages, J., Martín-Rey, M., Moine, M.-P., Monerie, P.-A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5304-9559, Putrasahan, D. A., Roberts, C. D., Robson, J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3467-018X, Ruprich-Robert, Y., Sanchez-Gomez, E., Seddon, J. and Senan, R. (2022) Coupled climate response to Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in a multi-model multi-resolution ensemble. Climate Dynamics. ISSN 0930-7575

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1007/s00382-022-06157-9

Abstract/Summary

North Atlantic sea surface temperatures (SSTs) underwent pronounced multidecadal variability during the 20th and early 21st century. We examine the impacts of this Atlantic Multidecadal Variability (AMV), also referred to as the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), on climate in an ensemble of five coupled climate models at both low and high spatial resolution. We use a SST nudging scheme specified by the Coupled Model Intercomparision Project's Decadal Climate Prediction Project Component C (CMIP6 DCPP-C) to impose a persistent positive/negative phase of the AMV in the North Atlantic in coupled model simulations; SSTs are free to evolve outside this region. The large-scale seasonal mean response to the positive AMV involves widespread warming over Eurasia and the Americas, with a pattern of cooling over the Pacific Ocean similar to the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), together with a northward displacement of the inter-tropical convergence zone (ITCZ). The accompanying changes in global atmospheric circulation lead to widespread changes in precipitation. We use Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) to demonstrate that this large-scale climate response is accompanied by significant differences between models in how they respond to the common AMV forcing, particularly in the tropics. These differences may arise from variations in North Atlantic air-sea heat fluxes between models despite a common North Atlantic SST forcing pattern. We cannot detect a widespread effect of increased model horizontal resolution in this climate response, with the exception of the ITCZ, which shifts further northwards in the positive phase of the AMV in the higher resolution configurations.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > NCAS
Science > School of Mathematical, Physical and Computational Sciences > Department of Meteorology
ID Code:102326
Uncontrolled Keywords:AMV AMO Atlantic Multidecadal variability Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation
Publisher:Springer

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