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Association between pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy outcomes: a cohort study in Indonesian pregnant women

Aji, A. S., Lipoeto, N. I., Yusrawati, Y., Malik, S. G., Kusmayanti, N. A., Susanto,, I., Majidah, N. M., Nurunniyah,, S., Alfiana, R. D., Wahyuningsih, W. and Vimaleswaran, K. S. ORCID: (2022) Association between pre-pregnancy body mass index and gestational weight gain on pregnancy outcomes: a cohort study in Indonesian pregnant women. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 22. 492. ISSN 1471-2393

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1186/s12884-022-04815-8


Background: Pre-pregnancy BMI (PP BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) are prominent anthropometric indicators for maternal nutritional status and are related to an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. This study aimed to determine the factors afecting total GWG, PP BMI and pregnancy outcomes among pregnant women in West Sumatra, Indonesia. Methods: This observational analysis was conducted among healthy women in the Vitamin D Pregnant Mother (VDPM) cohort study. A total of 195 pregnant women and their newborn babies were enrolled, and information regarding their socio-demographic characteristics, obstetric history, dietary intake and anthropometric data were assessed through direct interviews. Furthermore, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 guidelines were used to obtain the total GWG. Results: PP BMI was used to categorise the 195 pregnant women as overweight/obese (43.1%), normal (46.7%) and underweight (10.2%). There were 53.3%, 34.4% and 12.3% of women who had inadequate, adequate and excessive GWG, respectively. The multinomial logistic regression model indicated that overweight or obese women at the pre-pregnancy stage were 4.09 times more likely to have an excessive rate of GWG (AOR=4.09, 95% CI: 1.38–12.12, p=0.011) than those whose weight was normal. Furthermore, women with excessive GWG were 27.11 times more likely to have a baby with macrosomia (AOR=27.11, 95% CI: 2.99–245.14) (p=0.001) and those with inadequate GWG were 9.6 times more likely to give birth to a baby with low birth weight (LBW) (AOR=9.60, 95% CI; 0.88–105.2) (p=0.002). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the malnutrition status prior to pregnancy and inadequate or excessive GWG status during pregnancy as signifcant risk factors for developing adverse pregnancy outcomes. These fndings highlight the importance of providing information, preconception counselling and health education on weight management for healthy pregnancies.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Interdisciplinary Research Centres (IDRCs) > Institute for Food, Nutrition and Health (IFNH)
Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Human Nutrition Research Group
ID Code:105713
Publisher:BioMed Central


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