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Impact of dietary polydextrose fiber on the human gut metabolome

Lamichhane, S., Yde, C. C., Forssten, S., Ouwehand, A. C., Saarinen, M., Jensen, H. M., Gibson, G. R., Rastall, R. A., Fava, F. and Bertram, H. C. (2014) Impact of dietary polydextrose fiber on the human gut metabolome. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 62 (40). pp. 9944-9951. ISSN 0021-8561

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1021/jf5031218


The aim of the present study was to elucidate the impact of polydextrose PDX an soluble fiber, on the human fecal metabolome by high-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy-based metabolomics in a dietary intervention study (n = 12). Principal component analysis (PCA) revealed a strong effect of PDX consumption on the fecal metabolome, which could be mainly ascribed to the presence of undigested fiber and oligosaccharides formed from partial degradation of PDX. Our results demonstrate that NMR-based metabolomics is a useful technique for metabolite profiling of feces and for testing compliance to dietary fiber intake in such trials. In addition, novel associations between PDX and the levels of the fecal metabolites acetate and propionate could be identified. The establishment of a correlation between the fecal metabolome and levels of Bifidobacterium (R2 = 0.66) and Bacteroides (R2 = 0.46) demonstrates the potential of NMR-based metabolomics to elucidate metabolic activity of bacteria in the gut.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
ID Code:40422
Publisher:American Chemical Society

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