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Human resource management and performance at the Indian railway

Pereira, V., Fontinha, R. ORCID:, Pawan, B. and Arora, B. (2018) Human resource management and performance at the Indian railway. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 31 (1). pp. 47-61. ISSN 0953-4814

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1108/JOCM-04-2017-0157


Purpose: High-performance-work-practices (HPWP) have been well documented within private organisations in developed country economies. Such practices, however, remain under-investigated in the public sector and in emerging economies. This paper aims to work towards filling this void, by empirically evaluating HPWP within an Indian public-sector undertaking (PSU), also the world’s largest commercial public sector employer: The Indian Railways. Design/methodology/approach: We investigate whether the practices implemented in this organisation are consistent with the idea of HPWP, and analyse how they are influenced by different stakeholders and ultimately associated with different indicators of organisational performance. We focused on six railway zones and interviewed a total of 62 HR practitioners. Findings: Our results show that most practices implemented are aligned with the idea of HPWP, despite the existence of context-specific unique practices. Furthermore, we identify the influence of multiple stakeholders in decision making concerning different practices. We additionally found that the measurement of performance goes beyond financial indicators and several context-specific non-financial indicators are identified and their social importance is reiterated. Originality/value: Theoretically, this paper utilises and contributes to the resource-based view of firms by identifying a distinctive bundle of competencies in human resources through HPWS in the Indian Railways.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Henley Business School > International Business and Strategy
ID Code:71884
Publisher:Emerald Group Publishing Limited


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