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Valorisation of natural resources and the need for economic and sustainability sssessment: the case of cocoa pod husk in Indonesia

Picchioni, F., Warren, G. P., Lambert, S., Balcombe, K., Robinson, J. S., Srinivasan, C., Gomez, L. D., Laura, F., Westwood, N. J., Chatzifragkou, A. ORCID:, Charalampopoulos, D. ORCID: and Shaw, L. (2020) Valorisation of natural resources and the need for economic and sustainability sssessment: the case of cocoa pod husk in Indonesia. Sustainability, 12 (21). 8962. ISSN 2071-1050

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To link to this item DOI: 10.3390/su12218962


The uptake of innovative technologies and practices in agriculture aimed at the valorisation of natural resources can be scant in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). Integration of financial viability assessments with farmers and environmental evaluations can help to understand some aspects of low uptakes of innovations. Using the case study of Cocoa Pod Husk (CPH) valorisation in Indonesia, we provide insights on: (i) a choice modelling method to assess the economic viability of CPH valorisation and (ii) an agronomic trial assessing the consequences on soil quality of diverting CPH from its role as a natural fertilizer. The economic viability assessment suggested that farmers require higher levels of compensation than might be expected to collect or process CPH (a small proportion of farmers would undertake all processing activities for 117 GBP/t CPH). The agronomic trial concluded that CPH plays only a minor role in the maintenance of soil phosphorus, calcium and magnesium, but an important role for crop potassium. CPH removal would reduce the partial balances for carbon and nitrogen by 15.6 and 19.6%, respectively. Diversion of CPH from current practices should consider the long-term effects on soil quality, especially since it might create increased reliance on mineral fertilizers.

Item Type:Article
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Soil Research Centre
ID Code:93704


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