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Electrosprayed mucoadhesive alginate-chitosan microcapsules for gastrointestinal delivery of probiotics

Ta, L. P., Bujna, E., Kun, S., Charalampopoulos, D. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1269-8402 and Khutoryanskiy, V. V. (2021) Electrosprayed mucoadhesive alginate-chitosan microcapsules for gastrointestinal delivery of probiotics. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 597. 120342. ISSN 0378-5173

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2021.120342

Abstract/Summary

Besides viability protection, a sufficiently prolonged gastrointestinal retention of probiotics has emerged as critically important in improving the functional effectiveness of gastrointestinal delivery of these microorganisms. In this work, we formulated pure, resistant starch-reinforced and chitosan-coated alginate microparticles using an electrospray technique and evaluated their performance as mucoadhesive probiotic formulations for gastrointestinal delivery. In addition, we designed and successfully validated a novel experimental set-up of in vitro wash-off mucoadhesion test, using a portable and low-cost USB microscope for fluorescence imaging. In our test, pure chitosan microparticles (positive control) exhibited the greatest mucoadhesive property, whereas the alginate-resistant starch ones (negative control) were the least retentive on a gastric mucosa. These electrosprayed formulations were spherically shaped, with a size range of 30–600 µm (60–1300 µm with chitosan coating). Moreover, model probiotic Lactobacillus plantarum loaded in alginate-starch formulations was better protected against simulated gastric conditions than in alginate ones, but not better than in the chitosan-coated ones.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences > Food Microbial Sciences Research Group
Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > School of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutics Research Group
ID Code:97503
Publisher:Elsevier

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