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Aberrant glycosylation of anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike IgG is a pro-thrombotic stimulus for platelets

Bye, A. P., Hoepel, W., Mitchell, J. L., Jegouic, S. M., Loureiro, S., Sage, T., Vidarsson, G., Nouta, J., Wuhrer, M., de Taeye, S. W., van Gils, M., Kriek, N., Cooper, N., Jones, I. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7738-2516, den Dunnen, J. and Gibbins, J. M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0372-5352 (2021) Aberrant glycosylation of anti-SARS-CoV-2 spike IgG is a pro-thrombotic stimulus for platelets. Blood, 138 (16). pp. 1481-1489. ISSN 0006-4971

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To link to this item DOI: 10.1182/blood.2021011871

Abstract/Summary

A subset of patients with COVID-19 become critically ill, suffering from severe respiratory problems and also increased rates of thrombosis. The causes of thrombosis in severely ill COVID-19 patients are still emerging, but the coincidence of critical illness with the timing of the onset of adaptive immunity could implicate an excessive immune response. We hypothesised that platelets might be susceptible to activation by anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and contribute to thrombosis. We found that immune complexes containing recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike protein and anti-spike IgG enhanced platelet-mediated thrombosis on von Willebrand Factor in vitro, but only when the glycosylation state of the Fc domain was modified to correspond with the aberrant glycosylation previously identified in patients with severe COVID-19. Furthermore, we found that activation was dependent on FcγRIIA and we provide in vitro evidence that this pathogenic platelet activation can be counteracted by therapeutic small molecules R406 (fostamatinib) and ibrutinib that inhibit tyrosine kinases Syk and Btk respectively or by the P2Y12 antagonist cangrelor.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
Life Sciences > School of Biological Sciences > Biomedical Sciences
ID Code:99392
Uncontrolled Keywords:COVID-19, SARS-CoV2, thrombosis, platelets, IgG receptor, IgG glycosylation
Publisher:American Society of Hematology

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