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Age-associated changes in protein oxidation and proteasome activities in rat brain: modulation by antioxidants

El Mohsen, M.M.A., Iravani, M.M., Spencer, J.P.E., Rose, S., Fahim, A.T., Motawi, T.M.K., Ismail, N.A.F. and Jenner, P. (2005) Age-associated changes in protein oxidation and proteasome activities in rat brain: modulation by antioxidants. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 336 (2). pp. 386-391. ISSN 0006-291X

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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2005.07.201

Abstract/Summary

The free radical theory of ageing postulates that age-associated neurodegeneration is caused by an imbalance between pro-oxidants and antioxidants resulting in oxidative stress. The current study showed regional variation in brain susceptibility to age-associated oxidative stress as shown by increased lipofuscin deposition and protein carbonyl levels in male rats of age 15-16 months compared to control ones (3-5 months). The hippocampus is the area most vulnerable to change compared to the cortex and cerebellum. However, proteasomal enzyme activity was not affected by age in any of the brain regions studied. Treatment with melatonin or coenzyme Q10 for 4 weeks reduced the lipofuscin content of the hippocampus and carbonyl level. However, both melatonin and coenzyme Q10 treatments inhibited beta-glutamyl peptide hydrolase activity. This suggests that these molecules can alter proteasome function independently of their antioxidant actions. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Refereed:Yes
Divisions:Faculty of Life Sciences > School of Chemistry, Food and Pharmacy > Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences
Interdisciplinary centres and themes > Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research (ICMR)
ID Code:13450
Uncontrolled Keywords:oxidative stress, carbonyls, lipofuscin, proteasome, melatonin, coenzyme Q10, LIPID-PEROXIDATION, OXIDIZED PROTEINS, COENZYME Q(10), LIFE-SPAN, STRESS, PROTEOLYSIS, UBIQUINONE, DAMAGE, CELLS, DEGRADATION

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