Role of quercetin and its in vivo metabolites in protecting H9c2 cells against oxidative stress
Angeloni, C., Spencer, J.P.E., Leoncini, E., Biagi, P.L. and Hrelia, S. (2007) Role of quercetin and its in vivo metabolites in protecting H9c2 cells against oxidative stress. Biochimie, 89 (1). pp. 73-82. ISSN 0300-9084
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.biochi.2006.09.006
The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of quercetin and two of its "in vivo" metabolites, 3'-O-methyl quercetin and 4'-O-methyl quercetin, to protect H9c2 cardiomyoblasts against H2O2-induced oxidative stress. As limited data are available regarding the potential uptake and cellular effects of quercetin and its metabolites in cardiac cells, we have evaluated the cellular association/uptake of the three compounds and their involvement in the modulation of two pro-survival signalling pathways: ERK1/2 signalling cascade and PI3K/Akt pathway. The three flavonols associated with cells to differing extents. Quercetin and its two O-methylated metabolites were able to reduce intracellular ROS production but only quercetin was able to counteract H2O2 cell damage, as measured by MTT reduction assay, caspase-3 activity and DNA fragmentation assays. Furthermore, only quercetin was observed to modulate pro-survival signalling through ERK1/2 and PI3K/Akt pathway. In conclusion we have demonstrated that quercetin, but not its O-methylated metabolites, exerts protective effects against H2O2 cardiotoxicity and that the mechanism of its action involves the modulation of PI3K/Akt and ERK1/2 signalling pathways. (c) 2006 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.