Investigation of language and motor skills in Serbian speaking children with specific language impairment and in typically developing children
Vukovic, M., Vukovic, I. and Stojanovik, V. (2010) Investigation of language and motor skills in Serbian speaking children with specific language impairment and in typically developing children. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 31 (6). pp. 1633-1644. ISSN 0891-4222
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2010.04.020
Specific language impairment (SLI) is usually defined as a developmental language disorder which does not result from a hearing loss, autism, neurological and emotional difficulties, severe social deprivation, low non-verbal abilities. Children affected with SLI typically have difficulties with the acquisition of different aspects of language and by definition, their impairment is specific to language and no other skills are affected. However, there has been a growing body of literature to suggest that children with SLI also have non-linguistic deficits, including impaired motor abilities. The aim of the current study is to investigate language and motor abilities of a group of thirty children with SLI (aged between 4 and 7) in comparison to a group of 30 typically developing children matched for chronological age. The results showed that the group of children with SLI had significantly more difficulties on the language and motor assessments compared to the control group. The SLI group also showed delayed onset in the development of all motor skills under investigation in comparison to the typically developing group. More interestingly, the two groups differed with respect to which language abilities were correlated with motor abilities, however Imitation of Complex Movements was the unique skill which reliably predicted expressive vocabulary in both typically developing children and in children with SLI.