In vitro fermentation of alternansucrase raffinose-derived oligosaccharides by human gut bacteria
Hernandez-Hernandez, O., Côté, G. L., Kolida, S., Rastall, B. and Sanz, M. L. (2011) In vitro fermentation of alternansucrase raffinose-derived oligosaccharides by human gut bacteria. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 59 (20). pp. 10901-10906. ISSN 0021-8561
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To link to this article DOI: 10.1021/jf202466s
In this work, in vitro fermentation of alternansucrase raffinose-derived oligosaccharides, previously fractionated according to their degree of polymerization (DP; from DP4 to DP10), was carried out using small-scale pH-controlled batch cultures at 37 Â°C under anaerobic conditions with human feces. Bifidogenic activity of oligosaccharides with DP4â6 similar to that of lactulose was observed; however, in general, a significant growth of lactic acid bacteria Bacteroides, Atopobium cluster, and Clostridium histolyticum group was not shown during incubation. Acetic acid was the main short chain fatty acid (SCFA) produced during the fermentation process; the highest levels of this acid were shown by alternansucrase raffinose acceptor pentasaccharides at 10 h (63.11 mM) and heptasaccharides at 24 h (54.71 mM). No significant differences between the gas volume produced by the mixture of raffinose-based oligosaccharides (DP5âDP10) and inulin after 24 h of incubation were detected, whereas lower gas volume was generated by DP4 oligosaccharides. These findings indicate that novel raffinose-derived oligosaccharides (DP4âDP10) could be a new source of prebiotic carbohydrates.
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