Proanthocyanidin diversity in the EU 'HealthyHay' sainfoin (onobrychis viciifolia) germplasm collection
Stringano, E., Hayot Carbonero, C., Smith, L. M.J., Brown, R. H. and Mueller-Harvey, I. (2012) Proanthocyanidin diversity in the EU 'HealthyHay' sainfoin (onobrychis viciifolia) germplasm collection. Phytochemistry, 77 . pp. 197-208. ISSN 0031-9422
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To link to this item DOI: 10.1016/j.phytochem.2012.01.013
This study investigated 37 diverse sainfoin (Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.) accessions from the EU ‘HealthyHay’ germplasm collection for proanthocyanidin (PA) content and composition. Accessions displayed a wide range of differences: PA contents varied from 0.57 to 2.80 g/100 g sainfoin; the mean degree of polymerisation from 12 to 84; the proportion of prodelphinidin tannins from 53% to 95%, and the proportion of trans-flavanol units from 12% to 34%. A positive correlation was found between PA contents (thiolytic versus acid–butanol degradation; P < 0.001; R2 = 0.49). A negative correlation existed between PA content (thiolysis) and mDP (P < 0.05; R2 = −0.30), which suggested that accessions with high PA contents had smaller PA polymers. Cluster analysis revealed that European accessions clustered into two main groups: Western Europe and Eastern Europe/Asia. In addition, accessions from USA, Canada and Armenia tended to cluster together. Overall, there was broad agreement between tannin clusters and clusters that were based on morphological and agronomic characteristics.